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Egypt
 
Whether you are looking for history, culture, arts, antiquity or natural beauty, Egypt has something for everyone. Egypt offers a variety of touring options, each rich in history, culture and natural beauty.
Based on the following highlights, which give a great opportunity of see Egypt’s natural and historical wonders while experiencing its lifestyle, we recommend the following:
  • Pharonic Egypt: Cairo, Luxur, Aswan, Abu Simble
  • Sail along the river Nile.
  • Discover the Red Sea and its fascinating marine life.
  • Traverse the dunes to see the magical oasis of the Western Desert.
  • Visit the Biblical Sinai Peninsula.
Introduction:
The Arab Republic of Egypt is the northeastern-most part of the African continent, joined with Asia by its Sinai Peninsula. To its East is the wondrous Red Sea, full of coral life and an abundance of marine species. Its Northern coast shares the Mediterranean Sea. To the West it borders Libya and, to the South, Sudan. The river Nile runs through the entire length of the country, giving life to an otherwise mainly desert landscape. Cairo is the largest city and the capital of this predominantly Arab nation.
Geography: Top
Ninety percent of Egypt is desert. To the west lies the major Libyan Desert. The British called it the Western Desert, a part of the Sahara, notorious for its great Sand Sea, an endless chain of dunes. The eastern desert that lies along the Red Sea is known as the Arabian Desert. Interestingly, there are many geographical depressions with elevations below the sea level. The Qattara Depression west of Cairo is one of them and is 133 metres (436 feet) below sea level. Here in the Western Desert are also located the famous oases of Siwa, Bahriya, Farafra, Dakhla and Khargah. Between the Farafra and the Bahariya oases, lies the famous White Desert which has formations similar to those found on Mars. The extreme south of the country bordering Sudan is called the Nubian Desert. To the northeast is the Sinai Peninsula, the land access to Asia. It is also desert like with rugged mountains. Among these mountains is the famous Jabal-e-Musa or Mt. Sinai, where, according to the Bible, Moses received the Ten Commandments.
Climate: Top
Egyptian climate is mainly hot and dry. It is hot from May until September, while from November to March it can get cold in the desert regions. Yet, Egypt remains a destination that can be visited throughout the year. If you can bear temperatures in the late thirties, then June, July and September can be a good time for traveling, since it is not crowded. September and October is also a good time to visit the Red Sea, where the weather is just right for snorkeling and scuba diving. It does not rain much in southern Egypt. Cairo only receives an average of 26 mm of rain each year. On the Mediterranean coast and in the Nile delta regions, it is more humid and the precipitation is up to 200 mm per year.
People and Culture: Top

Nearly, most Egyptians to this day are the descendents of the ancient Egyptians. Today nearly 70 million of these inhabitants live along the banks of the river Nile. Although, some thinly populated pockets in the Desert Oasis and in the Sinai Peninsula still exist. 

One tenth of Egypt’s population lives in Cairo, the largest city.  People of Cairo drive the rest of the country with their culture and mood. Egyptians call Cairo ‘Misr’, the Arabic equivalent for Egypt. For them, Cairo is Egypt and Egypt is Cairo.

Out of the major cities, mainly in the deserts, nomadic Arabs known as Bedouins still live their nomadic way of life. These Bedouins know the desert routes and the secrets to survive in its harsh climate. They depend on their navigation skills to trade and to herd livestock in the desert climate.

Another important ethnic group is the Nubians, who are of African origin and have been living in the upper Nile valley since the times of the pharaohs. Nubians mainly survived along the Nile as they depended on agriculture. Even to this day they are an interesting folk with a great sense of humor wonderful food and lovely music.
Tourist Visas: Top
Canadian nationals can obtain a visa on arrival at Cairo airport. For more information contact the Egyptian Embassy or ask your travel agent.
EMBASSY: 454, LAURIER AVENUE EAST, OTTAWA, ONTARIO, K1N 6R3
TEL (613) 2344958 - 2344935 –2344931 FAX (613)2349347 E-MAIL:
egyptemb@sympatico.ca
CONSULATE GENERAL: 1 Place Ville Marie, # 2617 Montréal, QUEBEC, H3B 4S3
TEL (514)8668455 - 8668456 – 8668457, FAX (514)8660835
If you are outside Canada, find your closest consulate or embassy.Website: http://www.embassypages.com/egypt
Valid Passport: Top
Make sure your passport is valid for 6 months after the arrival date to your destination. Make sure you have at least one page free for the visa. Always keep extra photos (just in case).
What to bring: Top
Nearly everything is available in Egypt and you mostly won’t have any problems. Yet you can bring your personal toiletries, sunscreen, insect repellent and prescription medicine. A detailed list of things to be brought with you will be included in your “Travel Kit” when you book the tour.
Money: Top
US dollars are accepted nearly everywhere. Money can be changed at various banks and Egypt also has a large network of Banking Machines, which will accept debit, visa and master cards. All banks can provide cash advances on major credit cards. Traveler’s checks are also cashable at banks and designated money exchangers. Larger shops and emporiums may also take major traveler’s checks. Banking machines or cashing traveler’s checks may not be possible while traveling through the desert or while sailing on the Nile.
 
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