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Turkey
 
Turkey has so much to offer her visitors: breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archeological sites, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure, a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. It is not surprising therefore that this country has recently become one of the world's most popular tourism destinations. Due to Turkey's diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country is washed on three sides by three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas. The summers are long, lasting as long as eight months in some areas. Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter and summer tourism and sports of all kinds.
Introduction:
Turkey is a vast peninsula, covering an area of 814,578 square kilometres or 314,510 square miles and linking Asia to Europe through the Sea of Marmara and the Straits of Istanbul and Çanakkale. Across the Sea of Marmara, the triangular shaped Trace is the continuation of Turkey on the European continent. Anatolia is rectangular in outline, 1500 kilometres long and 550 kilometres wide.
Geography: Top
Turkey is like a mosaic made up of many different reliefs and formations: parallel mountain ranges, extinct volcanoes, plateaux fissured by valleys and plains. Surrounded on its three sides by warm seas, it falls in the temperate climate zone. The climate varies considerably however from region to region: a temperate climate in the Black Sea Region, a Mediterranean climate on the southern coast and the Aegean, a continental and arid climate on the central plateau and a harsh mountain climate in eastern Turkey. Because of these variations in climate, the fauna and flora are some of the richest in Europe and the Middle East.

Turkey is separated into seven geographical regions, which are, in order of size: East Anatolia (21 %), Central Anatolia (20%), Black Sea (18%), Mediterranean (15%), Aegean (10%), Marmara (8.5%) and Southeast Anatolia (7.5%).
Climate: Top
In summer the weather is hot and humid, the temperature between June and September averaging 82F (28C). Summers are relatively dry, but rain does occur all year round. During winter it is cold, wet and often snowy. Snowfalls tend to be heavy, but temperatures rarely drop as low as freezing point.
People and Culture: Top

Always hospitable, the people of Turkey are as diverse as their country’s landscapes. Bridging two civilizations as east meets west, a person’s culture depends on their ethnic background and the place where they were born or where they live.

But one constant, wherever you go in Turkey, is that you’re guaranteed many encounters with Turkish people, mostly Muslim, who will go out of their way to share what they have with you, whether a glass of tea or food off their table. And, be prepared to be taken by the hand if you ask for directions.

Tourist Visas: Top
Canadian Citizens can obtain a multiple-entry sticker visa at the Turkish International Border Gates to stay in Turkey for a maximum period of three months.
197 Wurtemburg Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 8L9
TEL (613) 789 4044 - 789 3440 FAX (613) 789 3442
E-MAIL: turkishottawa@mfa.gov.tr
Website: ottava.be.mfa.gov.tr
If you are outside Canada, find your closest consulate or embassy.Website: click here
Valid Passport: Top
Make sure your passport is valid for 6 months after the arrival date to your destination. Make sure you have at least one page free for the visa. Always keep extra photos (just in case).
What to bring: Top
Nearly everything is available in Turkey and you mostly won’t have any problems. Yet you can bring your personal toiletries, sunscreen, insect repellent and prescription medicine. A detailed list of things to be brought with you will be included in your “Travel Kit” when you book the tour.
Money: Top
Turkish Lira is available in the following denominations:
Banknotes: 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 &100 TL Coins: 1, 5, 10, 25 & 50 Kurus and 1 TL
You can obtain currency before travelling to Turkey or on arrival. Exchange rates are usually slightly better in Turkey and all international airports have exchange facilities. Usually, cash can be exchanged without charging commission in exchange offices, banks or hotels. Please note that Scottish notes are not accepted in Turkey. Travellers' cheques can be exchanged in banks only. Cash point machines (ATM) are available in most areas, which accept major UK credit and debit cards and give instructions in English. It may be a good idea to inform your bank in advance that you are travelling to Turkey as some will automatically put a stop on cards after the first usage in an attempt to combat fraud. Exchange rates are published daily in Turkish newspapers. If you are planning to exchange currency back from TL before leaving the country, or are making a major purchase, which may need to be declared to customs, you will need to keep your transaction receipts in order to show that the currency has been legally exchanged.
 
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